and human pressure on their natural environment. With the help of over 7,000 of the world’s best wildlife filmmakers and photographers, conservationists and scientists, Arkive.org featured multi-media fact-files for more than 16,000 endangered species. Bonobos are highly intelligent and emotional animals. In fact, bonobos are sometimes referred to as pygmy chimps because scientists first believed bonobos were a subspecies of chimpanzees. One explanation for the genetic separation between bonobos and chimpanzeesis the formation of the Congo River about 1.5 million years ago which divided the population preventing contact. Interesting facts about chimpanzees. 9- An alarming number of individuals are killed through hunting. The term has also been reported as being a word for “ancestor” in an extinct Bantu language. The average lifespan of bonobos is 40 years in captivity; their lifespan in the wild is unknown. The communication system of wild bonobos includes a characteristic that was earlier only known in humans: bonobos use the same call to mean different things in different situations, and the other bonobos have to take the context into account when determining the meaning. Along with dolphins, they are considered the most sexual animals in the world. Young bonobos are The unofficial slogan of Bonobos is "make love not war". Wildscreen's Arkive project was launched in 2003 and grew to become the world's biggest encyclopaedia of life on Earth. 2- After humans, bonobos are the most bipedal of the great apes, 4- Our closest cousins use their sexuality to ease a range of tensions. Their communities are peace-loving and egalitarian. This means that they have sexual contact with the opposite and same sex. One of the most fascinating bonobo facts is that the bonobo uses sexual contact to diffuse conflicts rather than resorting to violence. Bonobos have a smaller head than the common chimpanzees, relatively small ears, broad nose, upper limbs longer than the lower ones and a more delicate and thin appearance. Learn about some of the many things that make these primates so unique below. Bonobos are able to understand language, communicate with people, play musical instruments and use a variety of tools. The bonobo habitat spans approximately 500,000 square kilometers (193,000 square miles). Historically known as the pygmy chimpanzee, the bonobo (Pan paniscus) is among the endangered great apes that are found only south of the Congo River and north of the Kasai River. certain males. They are also agile in trees, climbing and swinging and leaping between branches. Bonobos are one of the most interesting animals in the world. Some have coined this as the ''bonobo handshake''. The bonobo also has a slim upper body, narrow shoulders, thin neck, and long legs when compared to the common chimpanzee. – The bonobo is only slightly smaller than the common chimpanzee but noticeably thinner. Closely resembling the chimpanzee in both physical appearance and mode of life, the bonobo is more slender, with longer limbs, a narrower chest, and a rounder head with a less-protruding face. 8- Bonobos are found only in the Democratic Republic of Congo, where they are classified as Endangered by IUCN, the International Union for Conservation of Nature. They eat a variety of foods, including fruits, nuts, seeds, sprouts, vegetation, and mushrooms. Facebook; Prev Article Next Article . natural resources in the Basankusi region of the Equateur Province. Kanzi, the male bonobo, is particularly famous for developing linguistic and other life skills that have led the humans through the many stages of evolution. Here we describe the facts of bonobos in detail. A community of approximately 100 will split into small groups during the day while looking for food, and then will come back together to sleep. This video is unavailable. Adult bonobos sometimes share a nest, which is a unique behavior among the great apes. Skip navigation Sign in. They eat various parts of plants, including the leaves, flowers, bark, stems, pith, and roots. Besides chimpanzee, the bonobo is one of the closest relatives of a human being who shares 97 percent of the DNA. They are our closest primate cousins. by ingesting certain leaves. moving on their hind quarters between 20% and 25% of the time when they are on the ground. also sold as pets and kept by humans until they die of neglect. Some can reach a height up to 1.2 meters. Chimpanzees represent one of our closest living relatives, sharing 98% of … Along with the common chimpanzee, the bonobo is the closest extant relative to humans. They will use sexual contact for amusement as well as to help their social lives improve. The bonobo’s head is relatively smaller than that of the common chimpanzee with less prominent brow ridges above the eyes. Breeding occurs throughout the year. Apart from their number 1 predator, humans – crocodiles and leopards are also a threat. tongues. Along with the common chimpanzee, the bonobo is the closest living relative to humans. Unlike chimpanzees who form hunting parties to capture monkeys, bonobos do not aggressively hunt mammals. 10- Rabbit or fish breeding contributes to the protection of bonobos. Young bonobos have a very strong bond with their mothers; if they are separated too early there is a great risk that the But they also have interesting sex lives. The elder female is the head of the group. Bonobos are both terrestrial and arboreal. There is no concrete data on population numbers, but the estimate is between 29,500 and 50,000 individuals. Lifespan. Differing drastically from the orangutan, the massive gorilla spends about 90% of its life … Our closest cousins use their sexuality to ease a range of tensions. The bonobo has also been known to turn to cannibalism (eats other bonobos) in captivity but it is unknown whether or not this happens in the wild. Bonobo is five times stronger than a human male. The bonobo is found in a 500,000 km 2 (190,000 sq mi) area of the Congo Basin in the Democratic Republic of the Congo, Central Africa. Males can measure up to 1.2 m (4 ft) tall while standing and females up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall. Watch Queue Queue. Bonobos have runny noses. The bonobo monkey is currently endangered due to poaching and habitat loss. Interesting Chimpanzee Facts For Kids – Video Th… It is an astonishing sight, indeed, to watch him make fires, cook and communicate intelligibly. They avoid fighting, tantrums and most conflict by first having sex or sexual contact. Bonobos and chimpanzees look very similar and both share 98.7% of their DNA with humans. Bonobo inhabits to the south of the Congo River while common chimpanzee lives to the north side of this river. Bipedal walking (on just two feet) has been recorded as less than 1% of terrestrial locomotion in the wild and up to nearly 19% in captivity when abundant food is provided. 1- Bonobos (Pan paniscus) share 98.7% of our DNA. Bonobo lives in the combo, Bonobos are lesser-known and always mistaken for as chimps. Male offspring remain with the mother’s group for life, whereas females leave the maternal group for another at maturity. 3- Female bonobos are the dominant animals governing social groups. What are interesting facts on Bonobo? Bonobo is an endangered great ape and it was previously known as pygmy chimpanzee. They are approximately 99% identical to us genetically. Social Behavior– One of the primarily studied features of this species is their mating behavior. Females have strong social bonds amongst themselves, but they do not exclude males. Males and females engage in these encounters with their own sex Both its thumbs and big toes are opposable, allowing a precise grip. Youngsters stay close to Mom for several years while they grow and learn how to be a part of bonobo society. Females reach sexual maturity at approximately 12 years of age. Diet. These studies are known to provide great insights into the answers to human evolution. They are found in only one country: the Democratic Republic of the Congo. The bonobo is an omnivorous animal mainly feeding on vegetation such as fruits, leaves, flowers, bark and seeds. In the wild, bonobos usually can get most of their hydration from fruits. and sometimes kiss using their Bonobos are typically knuckle-walkers when on the ground (like gorillas and chimpanzees), and sometimes they walk on two legs. Bonobos were described as a subspecies of chimpanzee in 1929 but identified as a separate species in 1933. Bonobos shares a lot of similarities with chimpanzees. Bonobos' favorite activity is having sex. They inhabit the heart of the Congo Basin, the second largest rainforest on Earth. Maybe that’s because they share many of our human behaviors, such as teaching their young social skills, using tools to get food, and working together for the good of the entire troop. It has a black face with pink lips, small ears, wide nostrils, and long hair on its head that forms a parting. the food. When compared to their closest relatives, this species spends much more time breeding and researchers believe that they use mating behavior to create social bonds. These alternative occupations help reduce hunting and the consumption of bushmeat, and regulate the use of Tigers and People Most ground locomotion is characterized by quadrupedal knuckle walking. Bonobos have sex with both female and males of the species. 7- The female takes sole charge of caring for her young, as it is impossible to identify any one male as the biological father. Interesting facts about chimpanzees – There are two species of chimpanzees: the bonobo or pygmy chimpanzee (Pan paniscus) and the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes). Watch Queue Queue. Another fun fact about bonobos is their temperament and conflict solving skills. The mother gives birth every five to six years, allowing her time to bond with each offspring. They are very special and unique animals. Support WWF in protecting vulnerable species and their habitats. The name is thought to be a misspelling on a shipping crate from the town of Bolobo on the Congo River, which was associated with the collection of chimps in the 1920s. closer to humans than they are to gorillas. Bonobos are a great ape along with gorillas, orangutans and chimpanzees. Bonobo party size tends to vary because the groups exhibit a fission–fusion pattern. At first glance, the bonobo is not much different from the common chimpanzee (Pan troglodytes) but it has a smaller height, and its face is black. Further inspection revealed differences, and scientists later categorized them as their own unique species. BONOBO FACT SHEET The bonobo is an endangered great ape and one of the two species making up the genus Pan; the other is Pan troglodytes, or the common chimpanzee. Bonobos communicate using a wide range of vocalizations and gestures. Chimpanzees are a great ape along with gorillas, orangutans and bonobos. Bonobos are considered to have a matriarchal society, meaning that females have a higher social status than males and social interactions are This is one of the main reasons why we propose these activities to local communities, alongside other initiatives such as selling bread, soap, or fuel. as well as the opposite sex, and can do so with any member of the group. Bonobos are omnivores. The bonobo and the chimpanzee are in the same genus and were considered the same species until the 1920's. They normally give birth to a single young. The most interesting fact about bonobos’ community is that their society is matriarchal. Head-body length (from the nose to the rump while on all fours) ranges from 70 to 83 cm (28 to 33 in). Bonobo Facts Interesting Facts about Bonobo Facts about Bonobo. 6- These great apes are known to self-medicate Thei… Sometimes five or six adults are killed in order to capture one young bonobo. Interesting Bonobo Facts: Although it is known as "dwaft chimpanzee", bonobo and chimpanzee are same-sized. In fact, earlier scientists thought the bonobo was just a smaller version of the common chimpanzee and so the term “pygmy chimpanzee” was used. The name “bonobo” first appeared in 1954, when Eduard Paul Tratz and Heinz Heck proposed it as a new and separate generic term for pygmy chimpanzees. Beyond reproduction, they use … female-centered and female-dominated. The main threats to the species are illegal trading, particularly for their meat, They still are the least understood of the great apes. The bonobo is generally a little shorter and thinner than its ‘common’ relative, but it has longer limbs. Males can measure up to 1.2 m (4 ft) tall while standing and females up to 1 m (3.3 ft) tall. 5- Bonobos can make love face to face Bonobos are known to be polite, in a manner of speaking. The lifespan of the bonobo is 40 years in captivity. The animals like to eat fruit as the main … Their bodies are covered by coarse, black hair, except for the face, fingers, toes, palms of the hands, and soles of the feet. Your donations enable us to continue our actions for bonobos and to do even more to protect the species. Bonobos were described as a subspecies of chimpanzee in 1929 but identified as a separate species in 1933. Bonobos are one of humankind’s closest living relatives, sharing more than 98% of our DNA. Humans have frequently focused their research and studies on this highly intelligent creature. They can also combine several plants together to create effective remedies. Physically, they resemble chimpanzees, a close relative. FUN FACTS. – All chimpanzees are members of the genus Pan. ALL THAT SEX SERVES A PURPOSE. The Gorilla. Interesting facts about African bush elephants, Interesting facts about breakfast cereals. Some scientists believe that bonobos are the most intelligent of the primates (other than humans, of course!). Let’s talk about the primary diet of Chimpanzees. 7 – Male common chimps stand at up to 5ft 8in (1.7m) and can weigh up to 150lb (70kg), but the females are a fair bit smaller. The species is listed as Endangered on the IUCN Red List and is threatened by habitat destruction and human population growth and movement, though commercial poaching is the most prominent threat. Search. Bonobos repeatedly surprise scientists with their intelligence and ability to walk upright. The gestation period is thought to be between 220 and 230 days. The adult male bonobo weighs between 34 to 60 kg (75 to 132), the female weighs an average of 30 kg (66 lb) Head-body length (from the nose to the rump while on all fours) ranges from 70 to 83 cm (28 to 33 in). 4 years ago. 2. Males are larger than females. Beyond reproduction, they use sexual contact to reinforce bonds, to relieve stress, anxiety and anger, as well as to receive food or even to move up in the social hierarchy. When bonobos get hungry, they move around in trees looking for food like you might swing from monkey bars on the playground for fun. Chimpanzees are one of our closest relatives, sharing an estimated 98% of their genes with humans. As part of this essential role, they sometimes form alliances with each other in order to control They are the most vocal of the great apes, using complicated patterns of vocalizations to communicate detailed information. Physically, they resemble chimpanzees, a close relative. Bonobos are more than a clothing line or a band; they are our closest cousins among the great apes. AccueilHome Posts Our news 10 surprising facts about bonobos. These species are quite smaller, leaner, and darker than a chimpanzee. In general, it has a height ranging from 70 to 83 centimeters; The males weigh from 34 to 60 kilograms and the females about 30 kilos, approximately. Bonobo monkey is a primate that is sometimes called "dwarf chimpanzee". Besides chimpanzees, bonobo is one of the closest relatives of humans with 98% of similarity in its genetic material. They are also known to have sex facing each other. Loading... Close. Because the two species are not proficient swimmers, the formation of the Congo River 1.5–2 million years ago possibly led to the speciation of the bonobo. Bonobos are very comfortable in trees, swinging hand to hand through the branches, climbing up tree trunks, and leaping from one tree to another. This animal doesn’t hunt animal for meat. … Bonobo vs chimpanzee. 8 – Chimps have black hair all over most of their body, leaving just the face, palms of hands and soles of feet clear, and they are tailless. They also eat small mammals, insects, earthworms, honey, eggs, and soil. Bonobos are much less fearful of water than chimps, even fishing for shrimp with their hands. One of the closest living relatives of humans, bonobos are distinguished for their long legs, pink lips, and dark face. young will let themselves die. Bonobos are also known as ‘pygmy chimpanzees’, although the two species do overlap in size. They sleep in nests that they construct in trees. The average size for a bonobo is about 3 1/2 feet tall and 65 to 80 pounds, althou… The bonobo is found only in lowland rainforests along the south bank of the Congo River in the Democratic Republic of the Congo. Fun Facts for Kids. Bonobo can reach between 29 and 35 inches in height, weighing between 55 and 110 pounds. The adult male bonobo weighs between 34 to 60 kg (75 to 132), the female weighs an average of 30 kg (66 lb). The bonobo is distinguished by relatively long legs, pink lips, dark face, tail-tuft through adulthood, and parted long hair on its head. 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